In the Czech Republic, specially protected areas (SPAs) are designated according to the Nature and Landscape Protection Act (Act No. 114/1992 Coll.). They can be divided into two basic categories:
- Large-size specially protected areas (LSPA) – national parks (NP) and protected landscape areas (PLAs)
- Small-size specially protected areas (SSPA) – national nature reserves (NNR), national nature monuments (NPP), nature reserves (PR) and nature monuments (PP).
More detailed information about the rules of territorial nature conservation in the Czech Republic can be found on relevant website of the Ministry of the Environment or also on relevant website of the Nature Conservation Agency of the CR.
After the accession to the European Union, the Czech Republic became involved in the designation of the Natura 2000 network sites of Community importance in which two types of protected areas are distinguished: Sites of Community Importance and Special Protection Areas.
An overview of the above-mentioned types of protected areas and more detailed information about them can be found in the Digital Register of the Central Nature Conservation List (= odkaz na stránku ÚSOP) which is only available in Czech language.